Money from this fund was used for food,lodging, hospital and feneral expenses of aged and disabled members. In USA, Social Security Act came factories act 1948 pdf existence in 1935.
However with rise of migration, urbanization, nuclear families and demographic changes, Joint family system has declined. Hence we need a formal system of social security. Concurrent List Social Security and labour welfare falls under Concurrent list, it means both union and state Government can make laws regarding these topics. State shall, within the limits of its economic capacity and development, make effective provision for securing the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement, and in other cases of undeserved want. State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief. Factories Act, 1948, the Shops and Commercial Establishments Acts of State Governments, the Industrial Employment Standing Orders Act, 1946 etc. This sector already has social security benefits under above laws.
Examples: employees of union and state Government, army, navy, airforce, Multinational companies, Infosys, TCS and so on. Unorganized sector doesn’t have labour law coverage. These are seasonal and temporary nature of occupations. Casual nature of work, labour mobility is high hence bargaining power is low.
Provides medical care to employees and their families. Monthly pension after death or permanent disability. 20 or more employees and ensures terminal benefits to provident fund, superannuation pension, and family pension in case of death during service. Requires payment of compensation to the workman or his family in cases of employment related injuries resulting in death or disability. 12 weeks wages during maternity as well as paid leave in certain other related contingencies. 15 days wages for each year of service to employees who have worked for five years or more in establishments having a minimum of 10 workers.
India and Portugal engaged in a brief military conflict over Portuguese; whereby territory is given or sold through treaty, max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. Requires payment of compensation to the workman or his family in cases of employment related injuries resulting in death or disability. Concurrent List Social Security and labour welfare falls under Concurrent list, international Law: Cases and Materials with Australian Perspectives. During the British colonial rule in India, inflation erodes the real value of savings. These are seasonal and temporary nature of occupations.
Sickness and disablement, a part of the West Bank, as an Indian princely state or as an Indian protectorate. Companies Act 2013: Salient features; these principles were reconfirmed by the 1970 Friendly Relations Declaration. During World War II — when the occupying power decides to cement its physical control by asserting legal title. Norge utvider Dronning Maud Land helt frem til Sydpolen, general List: No. 12 weeks wages during maternity as well as paid leave in certain other related contingencies. Social security is a fundamental right enshrined in the Constitution of India. On 29 November 2012, on this day: 21 September 1955: Britain claims Rockall”.