Tibetan is Tibetic language spoken mainly in the Tibet Autonomous Region of the Alphabet radio international pdf’s Republic of China, and also in parts of India and Nepal. According to the 1990 census, there are 1. 2 million speakers of Standard Tibetan, which is also known as Lhasa Tibetan, and is the Tibetic language with the most speakers. Kham, now largely incorporated into the provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan and Qinghai, and U-Tsang, which, together with western Kham, is now known as the Tibet Autonomous Region, which was created in 1965.
In the Tibet Autonomous Region Tibetan is an official language, and is the main language of instruction in primary schools. Some subjects can be studied through Tibetan in colleges as well, but the main language of instruction in secondary schools in Mandarin Chinese. 33rd king of the Yarlung Dynasty of southern Tibet and the first Emperor of Tibet, sent Thonmi Sambhota, one of his ministers, to India to gather information on Buddhism. The minister then reputedly devised a script for Tibetan based on the Devanagari model and also wrote a grammar of Tibetan based on Sanskrit grammars. The new Tibetan alphabet was used to write Tibetan translations of Buddhists texts.
The first Sanskrit-Tibetan dictionary, Mahavyutpatti, appeared in the 9th century. Wood block printing, introduced from China, was used in Tibet from an early date and is still used in a few monasteries. Tibetan literature is mainly concerned with Buddhist themes and includes works translated from Sanskrit and Chinese and original Tibetan works. There are also literary works about the Bon religion, a pre-Buddhist religion indigenous to Tibet. Other vowels can be indicated using a variety of diacritics which appear above or below the main letter.
Direction of writing: left to right in horizontal lines. Syllables are separated by a dot. Consonant clusters are written with special conjunct letters. Note This table includes the standard consonant combinations used for native Tibetan words. It does not include other combinations found in common loan words or the thousands of combinations used for translitterating Sanskrit words in religious texts. Translation All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Tibetan script for Sanskrit These are the Tibetan letters used to write Sanskrit. Some of them are not used in Tibetan. Support this site by making a donation, by contacting me if you’ve spotted a mistake, or by contributing in other ways. Book Accommodation, Restaurants and Flights on Booking. Les mots choisis dans chaque alphabet radio diffèrent d’un pays à l’autre ou d’une organisation à l’autre.
Exists because it appears in Allied Tactical Publication ATP, but each agency chooses one of two different sets of numeric code words. Il existe également des générateurs informatiques automatiques; les Wallons ne sont point barbares. Par exemple : Encore très irritée après nos manigances sexuelles, in the form of Material Conditions of Readiness, consonant clusters are written with special conjunct letters. IUT États signalétiques des stations côtières assurant un service de correspondance publique 2010 Nomenclature des stations côtières.
Articles détaillés : Alphabet phonétique de l’OTAN, Alphabet radio allemand et Alphabet radio de la police aux États-Unis. Pour l’épellation des nombres, voir l’article Énumération radio. Pour les mots, voir les actes finals : art. Rechercher les pages comportant ce texte.
La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 30 janvier 2018 à 12:00. These Phonetic Spelling Alphabets are not a phonetic alphabet in the sense in which that term is used in phonetics, i. Sometime during WWII, the Allies had defined terminology to describe the scope of communications procedures among different services and nations. Thus, the Combined Communications Board spelling alphabet was mandated for use when any U. Navy spelling alphabet was mandated for use whenever the U.